Pregnancy and Weight Gain- How Much is Acceptable?

Weight gain during pregnancy is inevitable. No matter if  the idea of adding extra pounds to your body may terrify you, this is simply something you cannot avoid when a little baby is on the way. The weight you gain means that your baby is developing.

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Hypothyroidism & Weight Gain

You may have heard that too little physical activity can make you fat. However, even if you are physically active, but your metabolic activity is impaired, you will gain extra pounds.

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Can’t Lose Weight? Medical Conditions That Can Cause Weight Loss Resistance

Are you having trouble losing stubborn weight? We all hop on the scales when our favorite dress does not fit us anymore, or we have to hide the fat ball on our tummy with a cushion in the party, or maybe when we visit the doctor.  Most importantly, we check our weight before an event…before attending someone’s birthday or wedding.

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Alopecia and its Causes: Can You Get Your Hair Back?

Alopecia means baldness or loss of hair. Alopecia areata is a type of hair loss that results in bald patches on the head. For some people, the condition can lead to complete baldness. It is very common and currently 2% of Americans have it. Alopecia areata occurs because of an autoimmune disorder.

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Endocrine System and Osteoporosis

The endocrine system is where all the hormones are produced. It is made up of various glands that secrete hormones for regular body function, growth and development, regulation of metabolism, reproduction and sexual cycle, mood, sleep, and tissue function. It is based on the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, pituitary gland, parathyroid glands, ovaries, testicles and pancreas.

Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones where bone mass continues to reduce and allows for an easy fracture.  So how are the two related? Does the disease depend on the imbalance of hormones? Here are some clear answers for you.

Understanding the Endocrine System’s Relation to Osteoporosis

If the hormones are being produced in excess or too low a quantity, it is not only the organs they produce the hormone for that are affected. Rather, the entire balance of the body falls into jeopardy. Studies show that even organs that do not gain any advantage from hormones get affected by lack or excess of it.

Same is the case with osteoporosis and the endocrine system. Even though there is no direct correlation of the bones and hormones secreted by the endocrine system, they are still affected and osteoporosis results. In order to truly understand, you will first need to know what osteoporosis is.

Osteoporosis as mentioned above is a bone condition, where the bone mass decreases and makes the bone weak.  Therefore, they can fracture or break easily. The condition is common among the elderly as bone mass decreases with age. This is the reason why you may have noticed why the elderly experience hip, wrist, and spine fractures so commonly.  Women are more at risk of osteoporosis than men.

As the body grows, the process of bone regeneration starts slowing down. When menopause comes about for women, the remodeling of the bone process become very slow and thus they become more susceptible to bone fracture.  Although, it can’t be said why some people are more at risk of having osteoporosis than others. There are some reasons that have been narrowed down and suggested. Other than menopause, these are the reasons why osteoporosis might take place:

  • Overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism
  • Cushing’s syndrome where there is excessive production of cortisol. The hormone cortisol is also produced in large quantities due to stress, which is why Cushing’s may not be the only reason for its presence in the body.
  • Extremely low levels of testosterone, a male hormone
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism, a condition where there are very high levels of parathyroid hormones produced in the body
  • Inflammatory arthritis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease, an autoimmune disease
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Celiac disease
  • Use of steroids, anti-epileptic drugs and other hormone related treatments

In simple words, osteoporosis can occur because of irregular hormonal production or deficiency. What’s more, even treatments that use hormone medicine or hormone inhibiting medicine, for instance breast cancer, can increase the risk of acquiring osteoporosis.

Unlike conditions that are directly related to hormonal imbalance, osteoporosis can be avoided, though not cured. Read below for some further descriptions.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteoporosis

Sadly, there are no symptoms of osteoporosis in advance. Only when a bone breaks in your body or a fracture occurs is the test run to discover if a  patient is suffering from the disease. If you or one of your loved ones has recently acquired a fracture either by falling, like on the hip or wrist, or without any cause in the spine, then chances are that osteoporosis has set in.

The doctor will first do an X-ray to measure bone density and then follow up with blood tests to ensure that the condition is osteoporosis and nothing else more serious. Once accurate diagnosis has been made, treatment is suggested.

Patients who are suffering from osteoporosis are generally recommended a class of medications called bisphosphonates. These medications work by sticking to the bone and getting absorbed inside. They then prevent any more loss of bone mass and make sure that fracture cannot easily take place. Patients are also given Vitamin D and calcium in order to make sure that the treatment is more effective.  Any type of weight bearing exercises will also help keep your bones strong.

Women who get osteoporosis after menopause are started on estrogen therapies as to recover the loss. This too helps in maintaining bone density. But these treatments are usually not continued for long term.

How to Avoid Getting Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis can be avoided, even if it does run in your family. If you are conscious of the problem in advance, you can take preventive measures in order to make sure that you are not stricken with the disease. Studies show that lifestyle choices do make a difference in whether there is onset of osteoporosis in your body.

What needs to be understood is that once you hit your mid 20’s, the process of bone thinning begins. This means that your chances of fractures increases each day. The sooner you start taking care of your bones, the sooner you can save them from osteoporosis.

From an early age it should be ensures that all children not only consume a well-balanced nutritious diet, but also consume good quantities of calcium and vitamin D. Physical fitness is likewise just as important. The more your body is exposed to exercise, sunlight and fresh air, the healthier it will be.

Adults, particularly women need to make sure that they are taking adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D in their diet. If the criteria is not met, then additional supplements should be made a part of life. Weight bearing activities and strength training also help in keeping your  bones healthly. Smoking and heavy drinking must be avoided as they aid in the loss of bone mass very rapidly.

Do not forget, you are in control of your hormones and bone health.  As long as good balance is maintained, chances of acquiring osteoporosis decrease. Keep away from stress and ensure that hormone imbalance are diagnosed and treated by your doctor. If you feel that there is something wrong, get in touch with the doctor immediately.

References

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How The Endocrine System Affects Behavior

The endocrine system and how we behave are directly related to each other.  Reason? Our actions are controlled by our brain and they are based on the way our hormones act within the body.

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Hormone Imbalance Can Lead to a Distorted Sexual Drive

Have you been feeling that your libido has dropped? Has your sexual drive dwindled to nothing? Is your partner complaining of your lack of interest in being intimate? Have you been trying but failing to gain pleasure out of sexual intercourse? If you have nodded yes to the above questions, then there may be something physical going on in your body that is causing you to feel that way.

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Understanding Lupus

Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease where the immune system starts attacking healthy cells within the body. Commonly referred to as lupus, it is a condition that affects the  joints, nervous system, blood vessels, lungs, kidneys, skin, and brain. From fatigue to fever, pain to rashes, lupus can turn severe within a very small time frame.

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The Relationship Between Menopause and Chemotherapy

Cancer has many side effects. Not just the disease itself, but  the treatments as well. Be it radiation or chemotherapy, there can be some factors that can lead to negative repercussions. Did you know that menopause is one such reaction?

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Ovarian Disorders and Solutions

The ovaries, the sex organs among females, are one of the most vital parts of the body. If they do not function normally, it could give rise to many issues including, but not limited to ovarian cancer and infertility. Problems occur when either the ovaries are not working to their optimum, there is some kind of imbalance of hormones, or because of tumor development.

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